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HIV/Infectious Diseases

Globally, India has the third highest number of 2.1 million people living with HIV. In 2018, the estimated prevalence of HIV in adults in India was 0.26%, 9,100 infected were children under age 15 years and there was an estimate of 69,000 AIDS-related deaths.

However, in 2017, new infections increased to 88,000 from 80,000 and AIDS-related deaths increased to 69,000 from 62,000. India has registered a 20% annual decline in new infections over the past few years, but it’s not good enough. In 2013, more than 56% of affected adults in India were on antiretroviral therapy. More women than men are on treatment (63% vs. 50%).

The proportion of children (aged 0-14) receiving ART in 2017 has not been reported. India accounted for highest death in the AIDS-related deaths in Asia in 2017.Domestic funding for HIV has gone up from US $670 million a year between 2015/16 to 2017/18, to US $1.32 billion a year for 2018/19 to 2020/21, an increase of 97.6%.

Every fifth new tuberculosis case in the world lives in the Indian subcontinent. It is estimated 40% of the population carries a form of the strain. A WHO report indicates India has the highest number of TB resistant strains in the world with India being the country harboring the highest number of TB cases in 2014, followed by Indonesia and China.

India continues to have the highest number of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the world, 64% of the over 10 million new tuberculosis (TB) cases worldwide of which 5.8 million were men, 3.2 million were women and 1.0 million were children said by the Global TB Report released by World Health Organization (WHO). Every year around 2 million people develop TB in India and 3,00,000 die due to the TB.

India is followed by India (27%), China (9%), Indonesia (8%), the Philippines (6%), Pakistan (5%), Nigeria (4%), Bangladesh (4%) and South Africa (3%). India is fourth among 11 countries which carry almost 50% of the global burden of chronic hepatitis. 1.34 million People died of viral hepatitis in India.